A bunion is foot deformity, made of both bone and soft tissue, which forms at the base of the big toe and unites with the first metatarsal bone of the foot. The bunion surgery is a foot surgery performed to fix this unpleasant foot deformity.
When a patient has a bunion, their big toe points excessively towards the other toes on the same foot. Other symptoms include:
- a swollen, bony bump on the side of the foot
- pain and swelling
- hard, sore, callused skin
- changes to the shape of the foot
The exact cause of bunions is not known. Anyone can develop the condition, but it occurs more in women than men. Bunions are usually hereditary, and they can be made worse by wearing badly fitted shoes.
There are a number of treatment options for bunions. Nonsurgical treatment options include painkillers, orthotics, and bunion pads. However, even though these treatments help relieve the symptoms, they don’t actually treat the condition, or improve the appearance of the foot.
The most effective treatment method for this condition is bunion removal surgery. This procedure, known as bunion surgery, bunion removal, or bunionectomy, corrects the deformed area of the foot near the big toe.
Prior to the bunion surgery, a podiatrist will determine the type of surgery needed to correct the specific problem, by examining the X-rays and the complete history of the patient’s symptoms and limitations. This is necessary because there are a number of different bunion removal surgeries, based on the size and development of the bunion.
The bunion surgery is an outpatient procedure, so the patient can head home a few hours after the operation. In most cases, only a local anesthetic is used to numb the foot below the ankle.
For the first couple of weeks after the surgery, the patient will wear a surgical boot or cast to protect the foot. The recovery usually takes about six to eight weeks, and full recovery is expected in four to six months.
If you have this type of foot deformity, contact us to schedule your appointment with Dr. Benjamin Tehrani, one of the best podiatrist in LA.